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Russian Federation 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Informational Annex Press Release

Russian Federation  2014 Article IV Consultation Staff Report  Informational Annex  Press Release PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498396828
Size: 21.19 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 73
View: 1694


This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Russian Federation’s growth slowdown that began in 2011, reflecting structural constraints, continued in 2013 despite accommodative policies. Real GDP growth slowed to 1.3 percent owing to a contraction in investment while consumption remained robust owing to strong real wage growth and an unsecured consumer credit boom. The general government balance moved from a modest surplus in 2012 to a deficit of slightly more than 1 percent of GDP in 2013. The IMF staff projects real GDP growth at 0.2 percent in 2014 with considerable downside risks.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475544413
Size: 16.51 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 90
View: 506


Saudi Arabia has begun a fundamental policy shift to respond to low oil prices. The government has introduced a series of reforms over the past year and has recently set out plans for a bold and ambitious transformation of the Saudi Arabian economy in Vision 2030 and the National Transformation Program. Diversifying the economy, creating jobs for nationals in the private sector, and implementing a gradual, but sizable and sustained fiscal consolidation are key policy priorities.

Machine Learning Paradigms

Machine Learning Paradigms PDF

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Author: George A. Tsihrintzis
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030156281
Size: 62.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 548
View: 828


This book is the inaugural volume in the new Springer series on Learning and Analytics in Intelligent Systems. The series aims at providing, in hard-copy and soft-copy form, books on all aspects of learning, analytics, advanced intelligent systems and related technologies. These disciplines are strongly related and mutually complementary; accordingly, the new series encourages an integrated approach to themes and topics in these disciplines, which will result in significant cross-fertilization, research advances and new knowledge creation. To maximize the dissemination of research findings, the series will publish edited books, monographs, handbooks, textbooks and conference proceedings. This book is intended for professors, researchers, scientists, engineers and students. An extensive list of references at the end of each chapter allows readers to probe further into those application areas that interest them most.

World Economic Outlook October 2016

World Economic Outlook  October 2016 PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475551584
Size: 35.81 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 7472


According to the October 2016 "World Economic Outlook," global growth is projected to slow to 3.1 percent in 2016 before recovering to 3.4 percent in 2017. The forecast, revised down by 0.1 percentage point for 2016 and 2017 relative to April’s report, reflects a more subdued outlook for advanced economies following the June U.K. vote in favor of leaving the European Union (Brexit) and weaker-than-expected growth in the United States. These developments have put further downward pressure on global interest rates, as monetary policy is now expected to remain accommodative for longer. Although the market reaction to the Brexit shock was reassuringly orderly, the ultimate impact remains very unclear, as the fate of institutional and trade arrangements between the United Kingdom and the European Union is uncertain. Financial market sentiment toward emerging market economies has improved with expectations of lower interest rates in advanced economies, reduced concern about China’s near-term prospects following policy support to growth, and some firming of commodity prices. But prospects differ sharply across countries and regions, with emerging Asia in general and India in particular showing robust growth and sub-Saharan Africa experiencing a sharp slowdown. In advanced economies, a subdued outlook subject to sizable uncertainty and downside risks may fuel further political discontent, with anti-integration policy platforms gaining more traction. Several emerging market and developing economies still face daunting policy challenges in adjusting to weaker commodity prices. These worrisome prospects make the need for a broad-based policy response to raise growth and manage vulnerabilities more urgent than ever.

Freedom Of Connection Freedom Of Expression The Changing Legal And Regulatory Ecology Shaping The Internet

Freedom of Connection     Freedom of Expression  The Changing Legal and Regulatory Ecology Shaping the Internet PDF

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Author: By William H. Dutton, Anna Dopatka, Michael Hills, Ginette Law and Victoria Nash
Publisher: UNESCO
ISBN: 9789236041889
Size: 39.74 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : ar
Pages :
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Trade And Development Report 2009

Trade and Development Report 2009 PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 13.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : ar
Pages :
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World Economic Outlook October 2013

World Economic Outlook  October 2013 PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 148432725X
Size: 13.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 205
View: 6302


Global growth is in low gear, and the drivers of activity are changing. These dynamics raise new policy challenges. Advanced economies are growing again but must continue financial sector repair, pursue fiscal consolidation, and spur job growth. Emerging market economies face the dual challenges of slowing growth and tighter global financial conditions. This issue of the World Economic Outlook examines the potential spillovers from these transitions and the appropriate policy responses. Chapter 3 explores how output comovements are influenced by policy and financial shocks, growth surprises, and other linkages. Chapter 4 assesses why certain emerging market economies were able to avoid the classical boom-and-bust cycle in the face of volatile capital flows during the global financial crisis.

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