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Rules Of Origin In International Trade

Rules of Origin in International Trade PDF

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Author: Edwin A. Vermulst
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472104116
Size: 64.64 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 503
View: 6579


Thorough examination of the question of importance and controversy in trade between nations

Rules Of Origin In International Trade

Rules of Origin in International Trade PDF

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Author: Stefano Inama
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521851904
Size: 29.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 610
View: 635


This book offers after more than ten years of negotiations the first overview of the status of the negotiations of non-preferential rules of origin under the WTO agreement on rules of origin and the possible implications for other WTO agreements.

Rules Of Origin In Asean

Rules of Origin in ASEAN PDF

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Author: Stefano Inama
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110747244X
Size: 37.63 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 436
View: 6297


The first in-depth exploration of rules of origin in ASEAN's trade agreements, insightful to practitioners, policymakers and businesses for understanding how commerce and trade is conducted in Southeast Asia. Customs practices, government procedures and other aspects of the ASEAN trade agreements are reviewed.

Rules Of Origin

Rules of Origin PDF

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Author: Roman Grynberg
Publisher: Cameron May
ISBN: 1905017103
Size: 27.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Certificates of origin
Languages : en
Pages : 749
View: 99


Rules of Origin have become increasingly important instruments for the management of international trade. Very often they are so complex as to be opaque in nature and incomprehensible not only to the layman but to many businessmen as well. They have also gained significance in light of their manipulation by authorities to achieve protectionist objectives. This book is an important contribution towards promoting an understanding of the economic implications of preferential rules of origin in textiles and clothing, and their impact on international trade in these sectors. For the authors, it has been hard to contest that the design of garment rules of origin in both US and EU preferential arrangements is specifically aimed at protecting domestic textile interests, and only peripherally and incidentally at assisting the developing country beneficiary of the preference arrangement. The articles in Rules of Origin bring together works that provide exceptional analysis and studies commissioned by the Commonwealth at the request of developing countries. Apart from the articles, the book contains key legal documents that pertain to rules of origin and trade in textiles and clothing to assist the reader.

International Trade Rules Of Origin

International Trade  Rules of Origin PDF

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Author:
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437980767
Size: 16.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Certificates of origin
Languages : en
Pages : 18
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Determining the country of origin of a product is important for properly assessing tariffs, enforcing trade remedies (such as antidumping and countervailing duties) or quantitative restrictions (tariff quotas), and statistical purposes. Other commercial trade policies are also linked with origin determinations, such as country of origin labeling and government procurement regulations. Rules of origin (ROO), used to determine the country of origin of merchandise entering the U.S. market, can be very simple, noncontroversial tools of international trade as long as all of the parts of a product are manufactured and assembled primarily in one country. However, when a finished product's component parts originate in many countries, as is often the case in today's global trading environment, determining origin can be a very complex, sometimes subjective, and time-consuming process. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is the agency responsible for determining country of origin using various ROO schemes. Non-preferential rules of origin are used to determine the origin of goods imported from countries with which the United States has most-favored-nation (MFN) status. They are the principal regulatory tools for accurate assessment of tariffs on imports, addressing country of origin labeling issues, qualifying goods for government procurement, and enforcing trade remedy actions and trade sanctions. Preferential rules are used to determine the eligibility of imported goods from certain U.S. free trade agreement (FTA) partners and certain developing country beneficiaries to receive duty-free or reduced tariff benefits under bilateral or regional FTAs, trade preference programs (such as the Generalized System of Preferences), and other special import programs. Preferential rules of origin are specific to each FTA, which means that they vary from agreement to agreement and preference to preference. This report deals with ROO in three parts. First, we describe in more detail the reasons that country of origin rules are important and briefly describe U.S. laws and methods that provide direction in making these determinations. Second, we discuss briefly some of the more controversial issues involving rules of origin, including the apparently subjective nature of some CBP origin determinations, and the effects of the global manufacturing process on ROO. Third, we conclude with some alternatives and options that Congress could consider that might assist in simplifying the process. This report will be updated as events warrant.

From Gatt To The Wto The Multilateral Trading System

From Gatt to the WTO The Multilateral Trading System PDF

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Author: World Trade Organization
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041112537
Size: 79.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 183
View: 6719


Om det nuværende og fremtidige verdenshandelsystem

Trade Relations Between The Eu And Africa

Trade Relations Between the EU and Africa PDF

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Author: Yenkong Ngangjoh-Hodu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135193495
Size: 50.81 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 6097


Trade liberalisation and openness, as linchpins for development have been flagships of conventional economic policy advices to most African countries over the last few decades. Much of the orientation of the focus however has been on the impact of international trade on development rather than the requirements that development should inform the shaping of the international trading system so that African countries may be able to benefit from such trade. This view has permeated both academic debate and the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) Negotiation between the European Commission and groups of African Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) States. This timely volume advances an alternative set of inter-related, interdisciplinary perspectives and debates which contribute to overlapping genres and discourses, notably how rules of origins may stifle the development dimension of EPAs, how special agricultural safeguards may be used in balancing the effects of trade liberalisation on small farm holders in Africa. It also discusses the centrality of aid for trade in trade negotiations, and mainstreaming development in the EPAs debate to enhance domestic supply side in Africa and the various regional integration processes in the region. This book focuses on areas of trade that may inform the development dimension of international trade. With this edited volume, a team of specialists provide a comprehensive survey of ACP –EU trade and Africa trade relation in the global context, placing it in its legal, economic and political contexts. The book innovative approach coupled with a stimulating and accessible writing style, allows the reader to engage fully with the content. It will be of most value to students, scholars and related policymakers of international, development and trade economics.

Dispute Settlement Reports 2003

Dispute Settlement Reports 2003 PDF

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Author: World Trade Organization
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521859967
Size: 42.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 394
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The authorized, paginated WTO Dispute Settlement Reports in English: cases for 2003.

Wto

WTO PDF

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Author: Peter-Tobias Stoll
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 900414496X
Size: 35.42 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 291
View: 227


This book describes the institutional system the basic principles and the vast variety of rules of the World Trade Organization. It aims at clarifying the structure and the general concepts, in order to enable the reader to get a better understanding of the issues at stake in many of the discussions and controversies on world trade.

Circumvention And Anti Circumvention Measures

Circumvention and Anti circumvention Measures PDF

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Author: Yanning Yu
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041126864
Size: 19.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 265
View: 4288


The unfair trade practice of dumping has been regulated for many years. Dumping distorts competition by selling exports at exceedingly low prices in foreign markets. Over the years, anti-dumping measures designed to counter dumping through the imposition of duties have become the most effective and popular way employed to protect domestic industries under threat. The 1980s, however, ushered in a counter measure: circumvention. As a means of avoiding anti-dumping duties, circumvention threatens the effectiveness of the anti-dumping system by undermining the protection provided for domestic industries. In response, anti-circumvention measures have been designed and implemented to combat those activities. This is the first book to offer a detailed analysis of this significant issue in anti-dumping practice.

Reevaluating Nafta

Reevaluating NAFTA PDF

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Author: I. Hussain
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137297174
Size: 62.50 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 221
View: 3184


Depicting NAFTA to be but a stepping stone rather than final product of regional economic integrative efforts, a chapter-specific 15-year assessment conveys the upsides and downsides of North America's Camelot moment.

Handbook On International Trade Policy

Handbook on International Trade Policy PDF

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Author: William Alexander Kerr
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781847205469
Size: 79.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 543
View: 7423


'This book obtains its broad expertise by pulling together expertise from a wide range of experts in the way that each chapter is written by authors specialized in the topic addressed. . . This Handbook on international trade policy is a good summary of theories, policy instruments and their effects and is written in an understandable manner. Most parts are suited for students and those who want to start understanding international trade policy. It is also useful for researchers, policy-makers and practitioners looking for quick guidance on different topics in international trade policy. The clear structure of the book organized by topics allows for a quick and easy reference.' – Martin Grass, Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture The Handbook on International Trade Policy is an insightful and comprehensive reference tool focusing on trade policy issues in the era of globalization. Each specially commissioned chapter deals with important international trade issues, discusses the current literature on the subject, and explores major controversies. The Handbook also directs the interested reader to further sources of information. The expert contributors cover both traditional and more current concerns including: • history of thought on trade policy • the development of multilateral organizations such as the World Trade Organization • border restrictions and subsidies • regional trade agreements • trade and the environment • animal, plant and food safety measures • international protection of intellectual property and sanctions. Presenting a broad and state-of-the-art perspective on the topic, this highly accessible Handbook will prove an invaluable resource to researchers, academics, policymakers and practitioners concerned with international trade policy.

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