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Pakistan Third Review Under The Extended Arrangement And Request For Waiver Of Nonobservance Of Performance Criterion And Request For Modification Of Performance Criteria Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Pakistan

Pakistan  Third Review Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion  and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria Staff Report  Press Release  and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498372120
Size: 38.52 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 84
View: 7592


This Paper discusses Pakistan’s Third Review Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion (PC).The economy is showing signs of improvement. The FY2013/14 growth projection has been revised upward from 3.1 percent to 3.3 percent, as economic indicators continue to show better-than-expected performance. For FY2014/15, the economy is forecast to expand by about 4 percent. All quantitative PCs were met with the exception of the ceiling on Net Domestic Assets of the State Bank of Pakistan, which was missed by a small margin. On the basis of Pakistan’s performance under the extended arrangement, the IMF staff supports the authorities’ request for completion of the third review under the arrangement.

Pakistan

Pakistan PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781498313292
Size: 35.56 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Tajikistan S Difficult Development Path

Tajikistan s Difficult Development Path PDF

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Author: Martha Brill Olcott
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0870033034
Size: 71.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 455
View: 5104


Tajikistan teeters on the brink of failure. This mountainous and landlocked country, the poorest in Central Asia, confronts the challenges of good governance and economic survival. These domestic struggles become even more problematic as international forces prepare to withdraw from neighboring Afghanistan, leaving Central Asian countries to ensure regional stability. In Tajikistan's Difficult Development Path, Martha Brill Olcott traces the political, economic, and social change following the country's independence and international efforts to avert state collapse. The Tajik government's commitment to reform has been inconsistent, and substantial foreign assistance provided since the end of the country's civil war has not led to the desired economic and political development. Olcott concludes that the Tajik leadership faces a serious dilemma: fully embrace reform or continue moving toward state failure. Tajikistan's decision will have very real implications for this troubled region.

Publications Catalog

Publications Catalog PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 14.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : International finance
Languages : en
Pages :
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Rising China S Influence In Developing Asia

Rising China s Influence in Developing Asia PDF

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Author: Evelyn Goh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191076147
Size: 36.81 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 7143


Rising China has been reshaping world order for the last two decades, but this volume argues that we cannot accurately understand rising China's global impacts without first investigating whether and how its growing power resources are translated into actual influence over other states' choices and policies. Concentrating on the developing countries in East and South Asia, where the power asymmetry is greatest and China ought to have the biggest influence, the volume investigates China's influence in bilateral relationships, and on key political actors from these countries within key issue areas and international institutions. Using an influence framework, the volume demonstrates how China tends to try to gain the support of smaller and weaker countries without forcing them to change their preferences or to act against their own interests. China does purposefully coerce, induce, or persuade others to behave in certain ways, but whether and the extent to which it succeeds is determined as much by the reactions, political context and decision-making processes of the target states, as it is by how skilfully Chinese actors deploy these tools. The contributors detail how China's influence even over these weaker states does not result from easy applications of power; rather it tends to be mediated through the competing interests of target state actors, the imperatives of other existing security and economic relationships, and more complex strategic thinking than we might expect. The book's findings carry lessons for conceptual refinement, as well as policy implications for those coping with China's reshaping of international order.

Pakistan Article Iv Consultation And Request For Stand By Arrangement Staff Report

Pakistan      Article IV Consultation and Request for Stand by Arrangement  staff Report PDF

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ISBN:
Size: 32.55 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Pakistan
Languages : en
Pages :
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Index To International Statistics

Index to International Statistics PDF

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ISBN:
Size: 25.59 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Statistics
Languages : en
Pages :
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The Work Of The International Law Commission

The Work of the International Law Commission PDF

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Author: United Nations
Publisher: UN
ISBN: 9789216330347
Size: 25.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 724
View: 4931



Making The Most Of Public Investment In Mena And Cca Oil Exporting Countries

Making the Most of Public Investment in MENA and CCA Oil Exporting Countries PDF

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Author: Maria A. Albino-War
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781498314954
Size: 68.36 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 31
View: 7383


Over the past decade, rising oil prices have translated into high levels of public investment in most MENA and CCA oil exporters. This has prompted questions about the efficiency of public investment in generating growth and closing infrastructure gaps, as well as concerns about fiscal vulnerabilities. When public investment is inefficient, higher levels of spending may simply lead to larger budget deficits, without sufficiency increasing the quantity or quality of public infrastructure in support of economic growth. This paper examines the efficiency of public investment in the MENA and CCA oil exporters using several techniques, including a novel application of the efficiency frontier analysis, estimates of unit investment costs, and assessments of public investment processes. The analysis confirms that these oil exporters have substantial room to improve public investment efficiency. Reforms in the public financial and investment management systems are needed to achieve this objective.

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