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Getting Energy Prices Right From Principle To Practice

Getting Energy Prices Right  From Principle to Practice PDF

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Author: Ian W.H. Parry
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498343104
Size: 19.66 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 198
View: 3086


Energy taxes can produce substantial environmental and revenue benefits and are an important component of countries’ fiscal systems. Although the principle that these taxes should reflect global warming, air pollution, road congestion, and other adverse environmental impacts of energy use is well established, there has been little previous work providing guidance on how countries can put this principle into practice. This book develops a practical methodology, and associated tools, to show how the major environmental damages from energy can be quantified for different countries and used to design the efficient set of energy taxes. The results, which are illustrated for more than 150 countries, suggest there is pervasive mispricing of energy across developed and developing countries alike with much at stake in policy reform. At a global level, implementing efficient energy prices would reduce carbon emissions by an estimated 23 percent and fossil-fuel air pollution deaths by 63 percent, while raising revenues (badly needed for fiscal consolidation and reducing other burdensome taxes) averaging 2.6 percent of GDP.

Getting Energy Prices Right From Principle To Practice

Getting Energy Prices Right  From Principle to Practice PDF

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Author: Ian W.H. Parry
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498309038
Size: 63.20 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 198
View: 444


Energy taxes can produce substantial environmental and revenue benefits and are an important component of countries’ fiscal systems. Although the principle that these taxes should reflect global warming, air pollution, road congestion, and other adverse environmental impacts of energy use is well established, there has been little previous work providing guidance on how countries can put this principle into practice. This book develops a practical methodology, and associated tools, to show how the major environmental damages from energy can be quantified for different countries and used to design the efficient set of energy taxes. The results, which are illustrated for more than 150 countries, suggest there is pervasive mispricing of energy across developed and developing countries alike with much at stake in policy reform. At a global level, implementing efficient energy prices would reduce carbon emissions by an estimated 23 percent and fossil-fuel air pollution deaths by 63 percent, while raising revenues (badly needed for fiscal consolidation and reducing other burdensome taxes) averaging 2.6 percent of GDP.

Energy Subsidy Reform

Energy Subsidy Reform PDF

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Author: Mr.Benedict J. Clements
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484346963
Size: 18.66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 194
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Energy subsidies have wide-ranging economic consequences. Although they are aimed at protecting consumers, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. Subsidies also distort resource allocation by encouraging excessive energy consumption, artificially promoting capital-intensive industries, reducing incentives for investment in renewable energy, and accelerating the depletion of natural resources. Most subsidy benefits are captured by higher-income households, reinforcing inequality. Even future generations are affected through the damaging effects of increased energy consumption on global warming. This book provides (1) the most comprehensive estimates of energy subsidies currently available for 176 countries and (2) an analysis of “how to do” energy subsidy reform, drawing on insights from 22 country case studies undertaken by the IMF staff and analyses carried out by other institutions.

Non Exhaust Particulate Emissions From Road Transport An Ignored Environmental Policy Challenge

Non exhaust Particulate Emissions from Road Transport An Ignored Environmental Policy Challenge PDF

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Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264888853
Size: 70.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 140
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Non-exhaust emissions of particulate matter constitute a little-known but rising share of emissions from road traffic and have significant negative impacts on public health. This report synthesizes the current state of knowledge about the nature, causes, and consequences of non-exhaust particulate emissions. It also projects how particulate matter emissions from non-exhaust sources may evolve in future years and reflects on policy instrument mixes that can address this largely ignored environmental issue.

Essentials Of Economics In Context

Essentials of Economics in Context PDF

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Author: Neva Goodwin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000067084
Size: 46.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 600
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Essentials of Economics in Context is specifically designed to meet the requirements of a one-semester introductory economics course that provides coverage of both microeconomic and macroeconomic foundations. It addresses current economic challenges, paying specific attention to issues of inequality, globalization, unpaid work, technology, financialization, and the environment, making the text a genuinely twenty-first century introduction to economics. Aspects of history, institutions, gender, ethics, and ecology are integrated throughout the text, and economic analysis is presented within broader themes of human well-being, and social and environmental sustainability. Theoretical expositions in the text are kept close to reality by integrating numerous real-world examples and by presenting the material in the recognized accessible and engaging style of this experienced author team. Key features of Essentials of Economics in Context include: • an inclusive approach to economics, where the economy is analyzed within its social and environmental context • an innovative chapter examining data on various economic indicators • focus on goals of human well-being, stability, and sustainability, and inclusion of core and public purpose spheres, instead of solely focusing on market activities a wealth of online materials such as slides, test banks, and answers to exercises in the book This text is the ideal resource for one-semester introductory economics courses globally. The book's companion website is available at: http://www.bu.edu/eci/education-materials/textbooks/essentials-of-economics-in-context/

Finance Development December 2014

Finance   Development  December 2014 PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475567944
Size: 79.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : ar
Pages : 60
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For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly magazine brings you in-depth analyses of these and other subjects by the IMF's own staff as well as by prominent international experts. Articles are written for lay readers who want to enrich their understanding of the workings of the global economy and the policies and activities of the IMF.

The Economics And Political Economy Of Energy Subsidies

The Economics and Political Economy of Energy Subsidies PDF

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Author: Jon Strand
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262034646
Size: 14.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 296
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The economic and political aspects of energy subsidies, viewed both theoretically and empirically, with a focus on fossil fuel subsidies in developing nations.

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Author: نورمان فنسنت بيل
Publisher: ktab INC.
ISBN:
Size: 58.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : ar
Pages : 266
View: 7747


كتب هذا الكتاب ليعرض وسائل فنية ويقدم امثلة للتدليل على انك لست في حاجة لان تهزم قط ، بل بوسعك ان تحصل على سلام في العقل ، وصحة في الجسد وتتمتع بفيض من القوة لا ينضب معينها . وبالاختصار يمكن ان تصبح حياتك مليئة بالفرح والرضا .

The Australian Quarterly

The Australian Quarterly PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 65.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Australia
Languages : en
Pages :
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Gas Age

Gas Age PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 38.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Electric lighting
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5090


Includes summaries of proceedings and addresses of annual meetings of various gas associations. L.C. set includes an index to these proceedings, 1884-1902, issued as a supplement to Progressive age, Feb. 15, 1910.

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Author: مارك مانسون
Publisher: Dar Attanweer
ISBN: 6144720197
Size: 21.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Self-Help
Languages : ar
Pages : 272
View: 1114


ظل يُقال لنا طيلة عشرات السنوات إن التفكير الإيجابي هو المفتاح إلى حياة سعيدة ثرية. لكن مارك مانسون يشتم تلك "الإيجابية" ويقول: " فلنكن صادقين، السيء سيء وعلينا أن نتعايش مع هذا ". لا يتهرّب مانسون من الحقائق ولا يغلفها بالسكّر، بل يقولها لنا كما هي: جرعة من الحقيقة الفجِّة الصادقة المنعشة هي ما ينقصنا اليوم. هذا الكتاب ترياق للذهنية التي نهدهد أنفسنا بها، ذهنية " فلنعمل على أن يكون لدينا كلنا شعور طيب " التي غزت المجتمع المعاصر فأفسدت جيلًا بأسره صار ينال ميداليات ذهبية لمجرد الحضور إلى المدرسة. ينصحنا مانسون بأن نعرف حدود إمكاناتنا وأن نتقبلها. وأن ندرك مخاوفنا ونواقصنا وما لسنا واثقين منه، وأن نكفّ عن التهرب والفرار من ذلك كله ونبدأ مواجهة الحقائق الموجعة، حتى نصير قادرين على العثور على ما نبحث عنه من جرأة ومثابرة وصدق ومسؤولية وتسامح وحب للمعرفة. لا يستطيع كل شخص أن يكون متميزًا متفوقًا. ففي المجتمع ناجحين وفاشلين؛ وقسم من هذا الواقع ليس عادلًا وليس نتيجة غلطتك أنت. وصحيح أن المال شيء حسن، لكن اهتمامك بما تفعله بحياتك أحسن كثيرًا؛ فالتجربة هي الثروة الحقيقية.

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Author: Henry Kissinger
Publisher: العبيكان للنشر
ISBN: 9960549070
Size: 48.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : ar
Pages : 1055
View: 6357


كتاب سنوات التجديد إنجاز استثنائي لعله أفضل دبلوماسي أمريكي معروف في القرن العشرين، هنري كيسنجر شخصية كبيرة في التاريخ العالمي، وحائز على جائزة نوبل للسلام، ومن أفضل العقول التي عملت في السياسة الخارجية الأمريكية، إضافةً إلى أنه من أذكى الرجال وأكثرهم معرفة ممن عملوا في مراكز السلطة في واشنطن. هذا الكتاب الذي طال انتظاره عن ذكرياته يُكمل عملاً كبيراً في التاريخ المعاصر. وهو وثيقة تاريخية مهمة ورواية رائعة ذات طابع شكسبيري في قوتها، مليئة بالنظرات العميقة غير المعتادة، والصادقة، وإحساس عميق بالتاريخ »سنوات التجديد« هو الاستنتاج الناجح لإنجاز عظيم، والذي سيظل وثيقة تاريخية من الدرجة الأولى. جون لويس غاديس: مراجِعة الكتب في صحيفة نيويورك تايمز ٭ ٭ ٭ «أسلوب يتفوق على الشكل المعروف لكتّاب كبار آخرين... كتاب يستحوذ على الانتباه. ويصعب وضعه جانباً». جوزيف، وول ستريت جورنال «تاريخ السيد كيسنجر في أيام خدمته عمل يتميز بعمق ووضوح الرؤية والمشهد التاريخي ويبرر حجمه. إنه حدث وعمل كلاسيكي في طابعه». ريتشارد بيرنيستين، نيويورك تايمز «انهماك كيسنجر بتأريخ الأحداث وعرضها في هذه السنوات غني بالتفاصيل. لا بد أن يقرأه المهتمون بالسياسة الخارجية». غريغ ايسندارث، فلادلفيا انكوايارار «عمل ناجح وطموح وواسع الإحاطة.. إنه صورة ذاتية ومركّبة مرسومة بقلم إنسان ذكي وفخور بنفسه». باريان فانديمارك، ذا بوستن صندي جلوب ٭ ٭ ٭ العبيكان 2017

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