1 Read eBook for: cities and public policy [PDF]

Cities And Public Policy

Cities and Public Policy PDF

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Author: Prasanna K. Mohanty
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 9351500470
Size: 50.82 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 7446


The twenty-first century will witness a rapid urban expansion in the developing world. India, it is believed, will be at the forefront of such a phenomenon. This book acknowledges the role of agglomeration externalities as the cornerstone of urban public policy in India. Arguing that hypotheses of over-urbanization and urban bias theory—which articulated a negative view of urbanization—are based on fragile theoretical as well as empirical foundations, this book calls for proactive public policy to harness planned urbanization as resource. India requires agglomeration-augmenting, congestion-mitigating, and resource-generating cities as engines of economic growth, including rural development. The book provides a large number of practical examples from India and abroad to enable policy-makers undertake reforms in urban and regional planning, financing, and governance to meet the challenges of urbanization in India. It combines theory and practice to draw lessons for an urban agenda for India and recognizes the central role of cities in catalysing growth and generating public finance for economic development.

Nexus Of Resilience And Public Policy In A Modern Risk Society

Nexus of Resilience and Public Policy in a Modern Risk Society PDF

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Author: Mika Shimizu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811073627
Size: 57.12 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 145
View: 895


This is the first book to articulate resilience-based public policy for a constantly changing, complex, and uncertain risk society. Its primary focus is on operationalizing resilience, i.e., on incorporating elements of resilience in public policy in the context of our modern risk society.While there is a wealth of literature on resilience and disaster risk management, there are few publications that focus on the nexus of resilience and public policy, resulting in gaps between various fields and public policy for resilient societies and disaster risk management. In response, this book integrates the latest theoretical insights on public policy and resilience and the latest practical analyses of case studies such as the Tohoku Disaster (Great East Japan Earthquake) in 2011 and Hurricane Sandy on the North American East Coast in 2012 to provide policy tools for future resilient societies and disaster risk management. The recent disaster cases illustrate that our changing, complex and uncertain risk environment requires far more resilience-based public policy through co-production of knowledge than is normally required for conventional disasters. By linking various fields and public policy, the book articulates a resilience-based public policy, i.e., the incorporation of resilience into various entities by designing and implementing “linkages.” These include national-to-local linkages, linkages between different entities such as scientific communities and decision makers, and linkages between financial, human, and information resources. Thus, the nexus of resilience and public policy presented in this book aims at better public policy to face a changing and complex risk society, together with fundamental uncertainties at regional, national, and local levels around the world.

Kentucky Government Politics And Public Policy

Kentucky Government  Politics  and Public Policy PDF

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Author: James C. Clinger
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813143179
Size: 59.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 544
View: 6769


The cornerstone of the American republic is an educated, active, and engaged citizenry; however, the multifaceted inner workings of government and the political forces that shape it are incredibly complex. Kentucky Government, Politics, and Public Policy is the first book in nearly three decades to provide a comprehensive overview of the commonwealth's major governing and political institutions and the public policy issues that profoundly affect Kentuckians' daily lives. In this groundbreaking volume, editors James C. Clinger and Michael W. Hail have assembled respected scholars from across the state to inform citizens about their governing institutions, the consequences of their policy choices, and the intricacies of the political process. They provide clear and authoritative information on Kentucky's government and explain significant trends and patterns, exploring the legacy of the state's political history and illuminating the contributions of influential Kentucky politicians such as Henry Clay, Abraham Lincoln, and Jefferson Davis. The contributors also address essential topics such as the structure and function of the three branches of government, the constitution, and federalism and intergovernmental relations, as well as administration, budgeting, and finance. They analyze key issues in education policy, economic and community development, and health care in great detail, explaining persistently controversial topics such as campaign finance, the cost of elections, ethics, and the oversight of regulatory agencies. From the executive branch to the legislature, from the court system to political parties, there is no better primer on government in the commonwealth.

Handbook Of Public Policy And Public Administration In China

Handbook of Public Policy and Public Administration in China PDF

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Author: Xiaowei Zang
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1789909953
Size: 24.67 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 512
View: 7769


This Handbook offers a critical analysis of the major theoretical and empirical issues in public policy and public administration in China. Investigating methodological, theoretical, and conceptual themes, it provides an insightful reflection on how China is governed.

Cities And The Health Of The Public

Cities and the Health of the Public PDF

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Author: Nicholas Freudenberg
Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press
ISBN: 0826592066
Size: 10.94 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 364
View: 4195


The essays commissioned for this book analyze the impact of city living on health, focusing primarily on conditions in the United States. With 16 chapters by 24 internationally recognized experts, the book introduces an ecological approach to the study of the health of urban populations. This book assesses the primary determinants of well-being in cities, including the social and physical environments, diet, and health care and social services. The book includes chapters on the history of public health in cities, the impact of urban sprawl and urban renewal on health, and the challenges facing cities in the developing world. It also examines conditions such as infectious diseases, violence and disasters, and mental illness.

Office Markets And Public Policy

Office Markets and Public Policy PDF

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Author: Colin Jones
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118554337
Size: 70.33 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 261


This is the first book that looks at how offices and officemarkets in cities have changed over the last 30 years. Itanalyses the long-term trends and processes within office markets,and the interaction with the spatial economy and the planning ofcities. It draws on examples around the world, and lookingforward at the future consequences of information communicationtechnologies and the sustainability agenda, it sets out thechallenges that now face investors. The traditional business centres of cities are losing theirdominance to the brash new centres of the 1980s and 1990s, as theconcept of the central business district becomes morediffuse. Edge cities, business space and office parks haveentered the vocabulary as offices have also decentralised. The nature and pace of changes to office markets set withinevolving spatial structures of cities has had implications fortenants and led to a demand for shorter leases. Theconsequence is a rethink of the traditional perception of propertyinvestment as a secure long term investment, and this is reflectedin reduced investment holding periods by financialinstitutions. Office Markets & Public Policy analyses theseprocesses and policy issues from an international perspective andcovers: A descriptive and theoretical base encompassing an historicalcontext, a review of the fundamentals of the demand for and supplyof the office market and offices as an investment. Embeddedwithin this section is a perspective on underlying forcesparticularly the influence of technological change. A synthesis of our understanding of the spatial structure anddynamics of local office markets at the city level. An assessment of the goals and influence of planning policies,and the evaluation of policies designed toward the long termsustainability of cities as services centres. This goes beyond standard real estate and urban economics booksby assessing the changing shape of urban office markets within aspatial theoretical and policy context. It will be a usefuladvanced text for honours and postgraduate students of landeconomy; land management; property and real estate; urban planning;and urban studies. It will also be of interest to researchers,property professionals, policy-makers and planningpractitioners.

Encyclopedia Of Public Administration And Public Policy A J

Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy  A J PDF

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Author: Jack Rabin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824709464
Size: 15.51 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 1318
View: 4768


From the Nuremberg trials to the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 to recent budget reconciliation bills, the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy provides detailed coverage of watershed policies and decisions from such fields as privatization, biomedical ethics, education, and diversity. This second edition features a wide range of new topics, including military administration, government procurement, social theory, and justice administration in developed democracies. It also addresses current issues such as the creation of the Department of Homeland Security and covers public administration in the Middle East, Africa, Southeast Asia, the Pacific, and Latin America.

Crime And Public Policy

Crime and Public Policy PDF

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Author: James Q. Wilson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199968233
Size: 19.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 656
View: 5681


Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.

Economic Geography And Public Policy

Economic Geography and Public Policy PDF

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Author: Richard Baldwin
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400841232
Size: 67.67 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 504
View: 1126


Research on the spatial aspects of economic activity has flourished over the past decade due to the emergence of new theory, new data, and an intense interest on the part of policymakers, especially in Europe but increasingly in North America and elsewhere as well. However, these efforts--collectively known as the "new economic geography"--have devoted little attention to the policy implications of the new theory. Economic Geography and Public Policy fills the gap by illustrating many new policy insights economic geography models can offer to the realm of theoretical policy analysis. Focusing primarily on trade policy, tax policy, and regional policy, Richard Baldwin and coauthors show how these models can be used to make sense of real-world situations. The book not only provides much fresh analysis but also synthesizes insights from the existing literature. The authors begin by presenting and analyzing the widest range of new economic geography models to date. From there they proceed to examine previously unaddressed welfare and policy issues including, in separate sections, trade policy (unilateral, reciprocal, and preferential), tax policy (agglomeration with taxes and public goods, tax competition and agglomeration), and regional policy (infrastructure policies and the political economy of regional subsidies). A well-organized, engaging narrative that progresses smoothly from fundamentals to more complex material, Economic Geography and Public Policy is essential reading for graduate students, researchers, and policymakers seeking new approaches to spatial policy issues.

City Politics Canada

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Author: Jim Lightbody
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 144260851X
Size: 33.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 576
View: 7674


City Politics, Canada is an introduction to the basic politics and core policies of today's city halls. While the book surveys classic discussions and accurately describes municipal institutions in Canada, it also explains why particular policies assume the specific shape they do. James Lightbody draws on over thirty years experience researching and participating in city politics to argue that transparent accountability from local public officials, related to specific policies and the general condition of the community, is an important and desired end for democratic city government. Arguments for change within city politics are insufficient if the result is that everyone has a say but no one is accountable. In following this theme throughout the book, Lightbody examines the various facets of metropolitan politics in a lively and engaging manner, and explains why city politics are important to all Canadians. Provincial agenda setting is viewed through the lens of the urban political landscape, as are the reasons behind the Toronto Megacity (1996) and Montreal's consolidation. Finally, the book expands its discussion to explore the global reach of the urban phenomenon and the impact of world practices on Canada's metropolitan cities. The ultimate hope for this book is that readers, as citizens, will be better able to understand the basic politics and core policies of today's city halls—and will be better equipped to participate effectively in the processes by which those policies are made.

The Neoliberal City

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Author: Jason Hackworth
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801470048
Size: 71.95 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 1683


The shift in the ideological winds toward a "free-market" economy has brought profound effects in urban areas. The Neoliberal City presents an overview of the effect of these changes on today's cities. The term "neoliberalism" was originally used in reference to a set of practices that first-world institutions like the IMF and World Bank impose on third-world countries and cities. The support of unimpeded trade and individual freedoms and the discouragement of state regulation and social spending are the putative centerpieces of this vision. More and more, though, people have come to recognize that first-world cities are undergoing the same processes. In The Neoliberal City, Jason Hackworth argues that neoliberal policies are in fact having a profound effect on the nature and direction of urbanization in the United States and other wealthy countries, and that much can be learned from studying its effect. He explores the impact that neoliberalism has had on three aspects of urbanization in the United States: governance, urban form, and social movements. The American inner city is seen as a crucial battle zone for the wider neoliberal transition primarily because it embodies neoliberalism's antithesis, Keynesian egalitarian liberalism. Focusing on issues such as gentrification in New York City; public-housing policy in New York, Chicago, and Seattle; downtown redevelopment in Phoenix; and urban-landscape change in New Brunswick, N.J., Hackworth shows us how material and symbolic changes to institutions, neighborhoods, and entire urban regions can be traced in part to the rise of neoliberalism.

The Urban Experience

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Author: Barry Bluestone
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 64.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 601
View: 1311


The Urban Experience provides a fresh approach to the study of metropolitan areas by combining economic principles, social insight, and political realities with an appreciation of public policy to understand how U.S. cities and suburbs function in the 21st century. The book is grounded in the real life experiences of students and their families on the premise that there is a fascination about one's own surroundings. It uses a great deal of historical and comparative data to explore the wide variation in how we experience urban and suburban communities. It addresses the changing role and function of U.S. metropolitan areas in an age of growing global competition and focuses on key contemporary problems facing cities and suburbs. The book introduces analyses from economics, sociology, and political science as useful tools to understand the evolution and current status of the nation's urban areas. The book will be a valuable text for urban scholars, public officials, and all those interested in understanding urban dynamics. A CD-ROM is packaged with the book containing census information from 1970 through 2005 for virtually every city and town in every metropolitan area in the United States. The data analysis engine on the CD permits the user to create tables and charts comparing municipalities across time with simple clicks of the mouse. Users can compare their own location or any other to others across the country, deepening their understanding of similarities and differences across urban areas.

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