1 Read eBook for: chinese maritime activities and socioeconomic development c 2100 b c 1900 a d [PDF]

Chinese Maritime Activities And Socioeconomic Development C 2100 B C 1900 A D

Chinese Maritime Activities and Socioeconomic Development  C  2100 B C  1900 A D  PDF

Get This Book

Author: Gang Deng
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313292125
Size: 47.16 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 218
View: 4953


China's long-term maritime history has been overlooked by the scholarly world, creating a misconception that the Chinese were sea- or ocean-phobic. This image has been promoted rather deliberately because a sailing-aversive China would fit in well with the non-capitalist development framework. This study shows that from 2100 B.C. to A.D. 1900, the Chinese were as enthusiastic about and capable of seagoing activities as other peoples. But maritime activities in China raise two paradoxes: these activities were incompatible with the agrarian dominance of the Chinese premodern economy, and there was a huge gap between Chinese maritime potential and maritime growth.

Maritime Sector Institutions And Sea Power Of Premodern China

Maritime Sector  Institutions  and Sea Power of Premodern China PDF

Get This Book

Author: Gang Deng
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313307126
Size: 51.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 289
View: 1457


Challenging the stereotype of premodern China as an agricultural nation, this book examines the development of the maritime sector, maritime institutions, and sea power in the premodern era. Initially discussing topics related to China's exports, such as ship design and construction, goods produced for export, and investment in the maritime sector, the work goes on to consider the impact of maritime institutions. It then shows how China obtained technological, economic, and naval supremacy in Asian waters until the 18th century and discusses the reasons for its decline in the 19th century.

Shipping And Economic Growth 1350 1850

Shipping and Economic Growth 1350 1850 PDF

Get This Book

Author: Richard W. Unger
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004194398
Size: 77.78 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 464
View: 1705


Shipping was the most dynamic sector of the economy of Europe from the fourteenth into the nineteenth century. Europeans who moved goods by sea dramatically improved their efficiency, laying the foundations for greater economic growth to come and for domination of the world’s oceans.

The Tongking Gulf Through History

The Tongking Gulf Through History PDF

Get This Book

Author: Nola Cooke
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812205022
Size: 46.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 6578


Since 2005, a series of significant developments has been unfolding in the area of the Tongking Gulf under the rubric of an ambitious project called "Two Corridors and One Rim." Proposed by Vietnam in 2004 and enthusiastically embraced by China, the project is designed to link their shared shores and hinterlands by superhighways and high-speed rail. An area that had seemed a backwater for two hundred years has suddenly become a dynamic engine of growth. Yet how innovative are these developments? Drawing on fresh historical insights and recent archaeological research in northern Vietnam and southern China, The Tongking Gulf Through History reveals that this region has long been a center of cultural, political, and economic exchange. From a historical point of view, contributors argue, the Gulf of Tongking has come full circle. Inspired by the Braudelian vision that regionality arises from long-term human interactions, essays avoid state-centered approaches of nationalist histories to focus on local communities throughout the Gulf. In doing so, they reveal a complex pattern of interrelationships and geopolitical factors that has shaped the gulf region for over two millennia. The first half of the volume covers the era from the Neolithic to the tenth century, when an independent state emerged from old Chinese Jiaozhi, or modern northern Vietnam; the second surveys the nine centuries that followed, in which only two states came to share the maritime shores of the Tongking Gulf. Together, the essays illuminate how millennia of recurring human interactions within this geographical space have created a regional ensemble with its own longstanding historical integrity and dynamics.

The Sea And Civilization

The Sea and Civilization PDF

Get This Book

Author: Lincoln Paine
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307962253
Size: 10.52 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 784
View: 4102


A monumental retelling of world history through the lens of maritime enterprise, revealing in breathtaking depth how people first came into contact with one another by ocean and river, lake and stream, and how goods, languages, religions, and entire cultures spread across and along the world’s waterways, bringing together civilizations and defining what makes us most human. Lincoln Paine takes us back to the origins of long-distance migration by sea with our ancestors’ first forays from Africa and Eurasia to Australia and the Americas. He demonstrates the critical role of maritime trade to the civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley. He reacquaints us with the great seafaring cultures of antiquity like those of the Phoenicians and Greeks, as well as those of India and Southeast and East Asia, who parlayed their navigational skills, shipbuilding techniques, and commercial acumen to establish thriving overseas colonies and trade routes in the centuries leading up to the age of European expansion. And finally, his narrative traces how commercial shipping and naval warfare brought about the enormous demographic, cultural, and political changes that have globalized the world throughout the post–Cold War era. This tremendously readable intellectual adventure shows us the world in a new light, in which the sea reigns supreme. We find out how a once-enslaved East African king brought Islam to his people, what the American “sail-around territories” were, and what the Song Dynasty did with twenty-wheel, human-powered paddleboats with twenty paddle wheels and up to three hundred crew. Above all, Paine makes clear how the rise and fall of civilizations can be linked to the sea. An accomplishment of both great sweep and illuminating detail, The Sea and Civilization is a stunning work of history.

Journal Of Sung Yuan Studies

Journal of Sung Yuan Studies PDF

Get This Book

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 28.19 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : China
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5960



The People S Liberation Army As Organization

The People s Liberation Army as Organization PDF

Get This Book

Author: James C. Mulvenon
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 32.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : China
Languages : en
Pages : 635
View: 2517


This book is the product of a conference, held in August 2000, that brought together many of the nation's top experts to evaluate issues of structure and process in the People's Liberation Army (PLA). The editors believe that fundamental knowledge about the PLA can be ascertained from the study of its organizational structure, and that this type of structure and process analysis is the critical first step toward a revolution in our understanding of the central issues, including how the PLA will fight. The papers in this volume present a comprehensive view of the administrative and operational structure of the PLA. In exhaustive detail, they discuss the leadership, history, organization, functions, and possible future direction of each of the PLA's Commissions and Military Departments.

China The Portuguese And The Nanyang

China  the Portuguese  and the Nanyang PDF

Get This Book

Author: Roderich Ptak
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN:
Size: 52.62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 310
View: 5412


Under the Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties, China's maritime trade went through several stages of rapid expansion. This concerns both activities initiated by the central government and private seafaring: Chinese ships would sail to ports in Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean, and foreign merchants would come to China, often declaring themselves as tribute envoys. In the early 16th century, the Portuguese made contact with the Middle Kingdom, leading to the foundation of Macao in the 1550s. The present volume, the third collection by Roderich Ptak, explores important structural features related to China's maritime ventures and Luso-Chinese relations. It also discusses the perception of maritime space in late medieval Chinese texts and the importance of trade routes, especially the so-called eastern route from Fujian via Luzon to the Sulu 'zone'. The third section presents different 'key' regions as seen through Chinese eyes: Hainan, the coral island in the South China Sea, Barus on Sumatra, and finally Wang Dayuan's chapters on the Kerala coast.

Sino Malay Trade And Diplomacy From The Tenth Through The Fourteenth Century

Sino Malay Trade and Diplomacy from the Tenth Through the Fourteenth Century PDF

Get This Book

Author: Derek Heng
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 15.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 286
View: 5452


China has been an important player in the international economy for two thousand years and has historically exerted enormous influence over the development and nature of political and economic affairs in the regions beyond its borders, especially its neighbors. Sino–Malay Trade and Diplomacy from the Tenth through the Fourteenth Century examines how changes in foreign policy and economic perspectives of the Chinese court affected diplomatic intercourse as well as the fundamental nature of economic interaction between China and the Malay region, a subregion of Southeast Asia centered on the Strait of Malacca. This study’s uniqueness and value lie in its integration of archaeological, epigraphic, and textual data from both China and Southeast Asia to provide a rich, multilayered picture of Sino–Southeast Asian relations in the premodern era. Derek Heng approaches the topic from both the Southeast Asian and Chinese perspectives, affording a dual narrative otherwise unavailable in the current body of Southeast Asian and China studies literature.

Entrepreneurs And Institutions In Europe And Asia 1500 2000

Entrepreneurs and Institutions in Europe and Asia  1500 2000 PDF

Get This Book

Author: Ferry de Goey
Publisher: Aksant Academic Pub
ISBN:
Size: 29.45 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 334
View: 6634


It is widely accepted opinion in the study of European economic history that since about 1500 the economic, political, and cultural center of the world moved from Asia in the East to Europe in the West. It is theorized that during this period the economic center of gravity in Europe shifted from the South to the North, moving Europe ahead of Asia and Northern Europe ahead of Southern Europe. These theories have come under fire in recent years. The conclusion is that the differences in development between regions was smaller than previously assumed, and the similarities greater. One of the central questions nowadays has to do with the role entrepreneurs and institutions play in economic development: to what extent are differences and similarities in economic development explained by differences and similarities in entrepreneurial behavior and the character of the institutions? This collection makes a contribution to the debate on this question. Ferry de Goey is a historian and works at the Centre for Business History at Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Jan Willem Veluwenkamp is historian and works at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands.

Back to Top