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Addiction In America Society Psychology And Heredity

Addiction in America  Society  Psychology  and Heredity PDF

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Author: Ida Walker
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1422292908
Size: 36.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 128
View: 5664

Almost 40 percent of people living in the United States have an addiction to alcohol, drugs, or some form of tobacco. These addictions cost Americans hundreds of billions of dollars every year. Clearly, addiction is an enormous problem. Addiction in America: Society, Psychology, and Heredity takes a look at what leads people to a life of addiction—the social, psychological, and hereditary factors that might make an individual susceptible to addiction. This book provides you with an overview of one of the most serious problems facing American society today.

Drugs In American Society An Encyclopedia Of History Politics Culture And The Law 3 Volumes

Drugs in American Society  An Encyclopedia of History  Politics  Culture  and the Law  3 volumes  PDF

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Author: Nancy E. Marion
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610695968
Size: 80.29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1163
View: 3899

Containing more than 450 entries, this easy-to-read encyclopedia provides concise information about the history of and recent trends in drug use and drug abuse in the United States—a societal problem with an estimated cost of $559 billion a year. • Contains more than 450 detailed entries on topics ranging from drugs themselves—such as alcohol, codeine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamines—to key individuals like Harry Anslinger to organizations such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Covers the latest developments in U.S. policies and public attitudes toward drugs and drug use • Provides citations with each entry to guide users to other valuable research resources • Features carefully selected primary documents—including excerpts from important laws, policies, and campaigns—that have shaped American drug policy over the decades

Senior High Core Collection

Senior High Core Collection PDF

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Author: Raymond W. Barber
Publisher: Hw Wilson Company
Size: 34.72 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 1456
View: 2310

- More than 6,500 books in the initial clothbound volume, plus more than 2,400 new titles in four annual supplements. - New coverage of biographies, art, sports, Islam and the Middle East, and cultural diversity. - Special focus on graphic novels, primary source materials, nonbook materials, and periodicals. - Analytic entries for items in collections and anthologies.

Genetic Influences On Addiction

Genetic Influences on Addiction PDF

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Author: James MacKillop
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026231455X
Size: 73.97 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 6125

A comprehensive review of research examining intermediary mechanisms to understand the link between genetic variation and addiction liability. Although there is scientific consensus that genetic factors play a substantial role in an individual's vulnerability to drug or alcohol addiction, specific genetic variables linked to risk or resilience remain elusive. Understanding how genetic factors contribute to addiction may require focusing on intermediary mechanisms, or intermediate phenotypes, that connect genetic variation and risk for addiction. This book offers a comprehensive review of this mechanistic-centered approach and the most promising intermediate phenotypes identified in empirical research. The contributors first consider the most established findings in the field, including variability in drug metabolism, brain electrophysiological profiles, and subjective reactions to direct drug effects; they go on to review highly promising areas such as expectancies, attentional processing, and behavioral economic variables; and finally, they investigate more exploratory approaches, including the differential susceptibility hypothesis and epigenetic modifications. Taken together, the chapters offer a macro-level testing of the hypothesis that these alternative, mechanistic phenotypes can advance the understanding of genetic influences on addiction. The book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in a range of disciplines, including behavioral genetics, psychology, pharmacology, neuroscience, and sociology. Contributors John Acker, Steven R.H. Beach, Gene H. Brody, Angela D. Bryan, Megan J. Chenoweth, Danielle M. Dick, Eske D. Derks, Mary-Anne Enoch, Meg Gerrard, Frederick X. Gibbons, Thomas E. Gladwin, Mark S. Goldman, Marcus Heilig, Kent E. Hutchison, Hollis C. Karoly, Steven M. Kogan, Man Kit Lei, Susan Luczak, James MacKillop, Renee E. Magnan, Leah M. Mayo, Marcus R. Munafò, Daria Orlowska, Abraham A. Palmer, Danielle Pandika, Clarissa C. Parker, Robert A. Philibert, Lara A. Ray, Richard R. Reich, Ronald L. Simons, Courtney J. Stevens, Rachel E. Thayer, Rachel F. Tyndale, Tamara L. Wall, Reinout W. Wiers, Michael Windle, Harriet de Wit

Behavior Genetic Approaches In Behavioral Medicine

Behavior Genetic Approaches in Behavioral Medicine PDF

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Author: J. Rick Turner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475793774
Size: 72.74 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 273
View: 4154

Leading researchers examine how behavior genetics provides crucial insights into genetic and environmental influences in the development of biobehavioral disorders. These influences are illustrated by using the examples of cardiovascular disease, obesity and eating disorders, alcohol use and abuse, and smoking behavior. Contributors discuss the relevance of molecular genetic approaches and twin and family designs to the complex field of behavior medicine research.

Issues In Clinical Psychology Psychiatry And Counseling 2011 Edition

Issues in Clinical Psychology  Psychiatry  and Counseling  2011 Edition PDF

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Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464963665
Size: 44.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 2915
View: 5275

Issues in Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling. The editors have built Issues in Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Drugs And Society

Drugs and Society PDF

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Author: Glen R. Hanson
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780763737320
Size: 36.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 587
View: 5810

Drugs and Society, Ninth Edition, clearly illustrates the impact of drug use and abuse on the lives of ordinary people and provides students with a realistic perspective of drug-related problems in our society. Written in an objective and user-friendly manner, this best-selling text continues to captivate students by incorporating personal drug use and abuse experiences and perspectives throughout. Statistics and chapter content have been revised to include the latest information on current topics.

Handbook Of Psychology Health Psychology

Handbook of Psychology  Health Psychology PDF

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Author: Arthur M. Nezu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471264504
Size: 64.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 688
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Includes established theories and cutting-edge developments. Presents the work of an international group of experts. Presents the nature, origin, implications, an future course of major unresolved issues in the area.


Addictions PDF

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Author: Barbara S. McCrady
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199753660
Size: 19.47 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 945
View: 1579

Addictions: A Comprehensive Guidebook, Second Edition, features a roster of senior scientists covering the latest findings in the study of alcohol and other drug use, abuse, and dependence.

New Model Of Burn Out Syndrome Towards Early Diagnosis And Prevention

New Model of Burn Out Syndrome  Towards early diagnosis and prevention PDF

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Author: Drozdstoj Stoyanov
Publisher: River Publishers
ISBN: 8793102704
Size: 12.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 200
View: 2330

This book is based on our most recent investigations revealing the complexity of the determinants of burn out in different populations at risk (health care professions, teachers, social workers etc.). Based on our empirical study we have developed a model of vulnerability to burn out which explains it as a specific complementary interaction between certain personality profile and the psychological climate at work place. In the course of evaluation there have been employed different inventories which are now validated as an assessment battery in about 300 subjects. Temperament and Character Inventory (revised) has been exclusively standardized for Bulgarian population as well Although burn out syndrome (BOS) is thoroughly discussed in modern literature, the present proposal is unique in the following aspects: It emphasizes the role of personality profiling understood as complementary construct to the dimensional measures of psychological climate. In this way the authors challenge traditional views of BOS as systematic phenomenon This book aims at establishment of the vulnerability to BOS (proneness) as well as to revealing of the protective factors and therefore to underpin early diagnosis and prevention programs. Our book brings together several perspectives: the clinical (psychological and psychopathological) with the management perspective. In this way it is most suitable for both general and specialized audience, including health care managers and mental health professionals, such as trainees in psychiatry This book consist of entirely original investigation of BOS in specific populations at risk with novel battery of assessment tools Contents: 1. Introduction and background of the studies in the field of burn out 2. Theoretical model of vulnerability to burn out: personality and Psychological Climate in the Context of Burnout Syndrome (BOS) 3. Empirical measures of vulnerability to BOS. Standardization and validation of the battery of assessment tools 4. Comparative study of burnout in medical professionals from psychiatric units and other health care sectors 5. Burnout in healthcare employees working in surgical departments, anesthesiology and intensive care 6. BOS among general practitioners 7. Comparative analysis of vulnerability to burnout syndrome in health and social care personnel 8. Regression and factor models of burn out components in health care 9. Anxiety and Depression as state predictors for burn out in health care 10. The impact of burn out on quality of life in the context of professional realization in medicine 11. BOS studies among employees in penitentiary system 12. Coping strategies and burnout syndrome prevention

Key Concepts In Drugs And Society

Key Concepts in Drugs and Society PDF

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Author: Ross Coomber
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446281574
Size: 48.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 3919

'This is a great resource that reflects the huge expertise of the authors. It will be welcomed by students, researchers and indeed anyone wanting critical but comprehensive coverage of key issues and trends concerning drugs and society - locally and globally, historically and today.' - Nigel South, Professor of Sociology, University of Essex 'Provides informative, balanced and contextualized insights into the relationships between people and drugs. Whatever your background and however knowledgeable you feel you are about contemporary drug issues, I guarantee that you will learn something unexpected and new from this valuable text.' - Joanne Neale, Professor of Public Health, Oxford Brookes University Why do people take drugs? How do we understand moral panics? What is the relationship between drugs and violence? How do people's social positions influence their involvement in drug use? Insightful and illuminating, this book discusses drugs in social contexts. The authors bring together their different theoretical and practical backgrounds, offering a comprehensive and interdisciplinary introduction that opens up a wide scientific understanding moving beyond cultural myths and presuppositions. This is an invaluable reference source for students on criminology, sociology and social sciences programmes, as well as drug service practitioners such as drug workers, social workers and specialist nurses.

Drug Use Policy And Management

Drug Use  Policy  and Management PDF

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Author: Richard Isralowitz
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780865693333
Size: 15.26 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 188
View: 1045

Examines how the complex problem of drug use and dependence may be addressed in the context of its many facets, ranging from drug containment policies to the provision of prevention and treatment services.

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